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What are the types of fishing gear?
Aug 18, 2018

First of all, you should be familiar with fishing gear and fishing gear materials. The fishing tackle material is made of something. The agricultural fishery industry standard SCT is defined as follows. Among the marine and inland water sources, tools for direct fishing of aquatic animals are called fishing gear. In the SCT5001 1995 standard, the fishing tackle materials are defined. The materials used to equip the fishing gear mainly include net wires, mesh sheets, ropes, floats or sinkers to the attachments. However, you may have noticed that there is no mention of the emerging marine aquaculture cages and freshwater aquaculture cages. According to my personal opinion, the cages should be included in the fishing gear, but at that time, why is it in the definition of this standard? There is no concept of cages. The two standards are mainly set in 1995. At that time, our cages were not in the air, so the standard drafters did not classify the cages in the definition of these two standards. Of course, determining the standard is a very hard work, and I can only say this on behalf of the individual.


        According to the definition of fishing gear, the total number of fishing gears in China is very large. It is divided into 12 categories. If you add the cages just mentioned, it will become 13 categories. There are fractals below, and there are various types of fishing gears. There are various kinds of fishing gears, and there are at least dozens of fishing gears, but they are the most used. The output is the largest of the five aquatic products in our country. The first is trawling, Zhangwang, fluent net, purse seine, and breeding cages. The materials used to make fishing gear mainly include nets, nets, ropes, floats, sinkers and other attachments.


        In the long history of human history, fishing will be on the front page, so the fishing industry has become one of our oldest industries. Its history is so long. For thousands of years, the tools used to fish are natural materials. They include stones, various metals, bamboo, wood, hair, silk, cotton and linen, etc. Since the 1960s in China, in the fishing gear, synthetic fibers have gradually replaced natural fibers. Since the 1980s, fishing gear and fishing tackle materials have announced the realization of synthetic fiber. Compared with natural fibers, synthetic fibers have strong fertility, small specific gravity, small water absorption, some non-absorbent, corrosion resistance and long service life. The efficiency of synthetic fiber manufacturing is also much higher than that of natural fibers. Many people engaged in marine fishing or fishing gear materials believe that synthetic fiber is a major revolution in fishing gear production. At present, there are dozens of known synthetic fibers, and there are seven commonly used fishing gears at home and abroad, and five of the most commonly used fishing gears in China are polyethylene, quick-formed ethylene, codenamed PE, polypropylene, commonly known as Polypropylene, code PP; polyamide, commonly known as nylon, nylon, code PA; polyester, commonly known as polyester, code PES or PET; polyvinyl alcohol, commonly known as vinylon, vinyl nylon, code PVA.


        At present, there are many kinds of fishing gear materials sold in the market. Mainly based on our recent census of the market, there are mainly several problems:


        1. The proportion of “three no” products on the market is extremely high. Article 20 of the People's Republic of China Product Quality Law clearly stipulates that the products sold must indicate the product name, specifications, grades, manufacturers, sites, etc., but from our current major fishing gear materials for more than ten provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China. According to market research, the “three no” products accounted for a very large proportion.


        2, the product is shoddy. The products are most prominent in polyethylene, which is the most prominent in the products of polyethylene. The proportion of polyethylene mesh and rope produced by recycled materials is relatively high, and our merchants basically do not express clearly on the products produced by polyethylene. Adopting the means of deceiving and defrauding, the technical standards of such products can only reach about 50% of new products, or even lower. Of course, the cost is much lower.


        3. Product specifications are confused. Many shops sell large-size ropes as small-sized products because the ropes are sold by weight. If our fishermen’s friends buy 20mm diameter ropes as required by the technicians, the store often sells 22mm diameter or thicker ropes. You, when you need a length of rope, spend more money, increasing production costs, and this is a waste of resources.


        4, short and short two. Some sellers use the characteristics of the fishermen's brothers to be bold and spleen, and the most common method is to cut off the part of the scale that is lead, so that the sales weight is far greater than the actual weight. And our fishermen's friends often don't go to compare after buying a product. In fact, there is no place to compare it, but use it directly. I suggest that fishermen's friends, when buying materials, should leave a small eye to see if the owner of our store is doing anything to say that they are killing you. Another method is that the synthetic fiber absorbs little water, or does not absorb water. I said before, but the water content of nylon can reach 7-8%, so after the general fishermen's friends bought it, how much is fluent. In the production workshop, after spinning, it must be dried in the drying workshop, or dried in the natural environment, and then wrapped in a film bag. However, some enterprises, in order to pursue improper profits, have reduced the drying or drying process, and the water-containing facilities are directly packaged in film bags and sold. This is another form of shortness and shortness.


        5. Confuse the product name. Some sellers use the weakness of our fishermen's brothers' lack of product knowledge to mix polyethylene and polypropylene products with polyamides, which are nylons, into nylon nylon products. The price of the first two products is only half of the price of the latter. A lot of fishermen's friends will ask me, how can I buy a product that I can rest assured? I tell you that according to our census and evaluation tests over the past few years, we have come to a conclusion that, in general, the quality of brand-name products in many countries or industries is relatively reliable, and the quality of large-scale enterprises is more reliable than that of small enterprises, indicating the trademarks and names of products. The quality of the products of the specifications and manufacturers is more reliable than that of the “three no” products. Fishing nets and cable rope products are high-energy, labor-intensive and low-tech add-on products. In our country, the overall supply is far greater than demand. As we all know, global energy, especially oil, is getting tighter. The price of polyethylene raw materials is 11000. Yuan/ton, China's coal, oil, electricity is also very scarce, prices continue to rise, some fishing nets, network lines, rope production enterprises, in order to reduce the cost, in the process of preventing the product "fiber rope tide", the original use of steam or electricity Heating, because steam and electric heating costs are relatively high, energy consumption is relatively large, it is changed to liquefied gas, or the coal stove is heated by wood fire. This heating method is not uniform due to heating, and it cannot guarantee that the "fiber rope tide" is always at In the boiling state, the quality of the produced products is unstable, the basic materials made of monofilament twisted wire mesh, the basic materials are unstable, and how can the intermediate products be stabilized. This phenomenon is mostly manifested in the "three no" products and small The middle of the enterprise.


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